St Cristea, V Predescu, A Prundeanu, Fl Groseanu, T Atasiei, V Georgeanu(Bucarest, Roumanie)
Existing data in the literature is supporting either patellar retention or patellar resurfacing during primary TKA. There is no clear answer for the question in which cases the patella should be retained or resurfaced during primary TKA.
Materials and Methods
In this prospective study 2 groups of patients with a mean follow up of 34 months after TKA were compared. 83 patients (98 TKA) were implanted with a TKA with patellar retention (group 1) while 93 TKA (86 patients) were done including a patellar resurfacing (group 2). The patients were randomized according to the year of birth. The Scorpio Stryker was implanted. A dome shaped patellar prosthesis with 3 pegs was used for patellar resurfacing. Clinical Outcomes were based on the knee society score parameters, anterior knee pain, patient satisfaction, feeling of instability, step test while component position and limb alignment were measured by standard radiographs.
Results: No statistical differences between both groups with regard to post-operative anterior knee pain and knee society score were found. We found no preoperative predictor factors for the development of post-operative anterior knee pain for each group and both together. Patellar mal-tracking was worse in group 2 than in the patellar retention group (3 cases with patellar subluxation in group 1 versus 2 cases in group 2).
According to the not significant differences for the clinical outcomes between group 1 and 2 we routinely retain the patella. Patellar resurfacing is done only in selective cases.
Total knee replacement is a complex procedure, and the patella resurfacing could complicate more the evolutions of this complex procedure.